In 1926, the Austrian architect Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky designed the revolutionary Frankfurt Kitchen, which became the prototype of the built-in kitchen design now prevalent in the western world. Through the Frankfurt project as well as many other work, she reconsidered domestic labor architecturally, shedding light on the previously uncontested gender issue in the male dominated field of modern architecture.
(Frankfurt Kitchen, Plan. image courtesy of MoMA)
As a communist activist who vehemently reacted to German Nazism throughout her life, Schütte-Lihotzky constantly engaged design with politics, believing that two functions simultaneously, as an inseparable, social whole.